camera brands | digital camera buying guide

You may also want to consider a mirrorless camera as an alternative. If so, you’ll find our video above or Mirrorless vs DSLR cameras: 10 key differences guide very useful. Or, if you’re not sure what kind of camera you need at all, then read our easy-to-follow guide to camera types: What camera should I buy?
Moving up to the $200 to $400 price nets more modern CMOS image sensors and very long zoom lenses—30x is the standard at this point. For the most part video is still 1080p, and you’ll also see some cameras with small electronic viewfinders, Raw shooting capability, and very quick autofocus. Pure image quality is better than a smartphone, with the real advantage being the zoom lens. There are also several models that are waterproof available in this price range.
Professional video cameras, such as those used in television production, may be television studio-based or mobile in the case of an electronic field production (EFP). Such cameras generally offer extremely fine-grained manual control for the camera operator, often to the exclusion of automated operation. They usually use three sensors to separately record red, green and blue.
“Decent low-light performance is one reason why the Panasonic HC-V720 landed on our recommendation list, but don’t expect miracles. Its 1/2.33-inch CMOS sensor is bigger than the sensors found in smartphones and similarly-priced camcorders, but it’s a lot smaller than the ones found in really good compact cameras, mirrorless cameras, and DSLRs.”
Why this randomly gets turned off isn’t clear, but its’ likely that users either disabled the camera at some point or perhaps were hiding other apps and included the Camera app erroneously. Some users report this happened without any user intervention, which is a curious observation.
Hi! I have been thinking on making videos for a long time now and I want to be one that is not delicate, that has nice pixels and that is active since I am the time of person wanting to share the stuff I can do (flips,handstands,skateboarding,rollerblading,etc) and I want a good camera aswell and that is cheap so that we can afford it! But anyway amazing website helps a lot!
To pick our contenders, we first looked for existing reviews. However, we found a scarcity of good information out there; many sites have stopped reviewing video cameras. CNET, for instance, hasn’t reviewed a non-action video camera for over a year (even the JVC Everio GZ-R10 lacks optical stabilization and recording quality) and hasn’t updated their video camera buying guide since 2012. There are still some sites out there that are reviewing these devices, though, such as Reviewed.com, Consumer Reports, and Top Ten Reviews. From this list, we eliminated action cameras (covered separately by Brent Rose here) and products that cost more than about $900. If you are spending that much on a video camera, you are a serious video maker and need a different class of video camera.
As with the Panasonic, the difference between this year’s R600 and last year’s R500 are so minor that even Canon wasn’t entirely sure what they are. After enquiring with the company multiple times, we were told the R600 has a new battery pack—even though the official specifications list them as having exactly the same battery. Other than that, they’ll handle exactly the same. So again, get whichever is more affordable on the day.
Twin-lens reflex cameras used a pair of nearly identical lenses, one to form the image and one as a viewfinder. The lenses were arranged with the viewing lens immediately above the taking lens. The viewing lens projects an image onto a viewing screen which can be seen from above. Some manufacturers such as Mamiya also provided a reflex head to attach to the viewing screen to allow the camera to be held to the eye when in use. The advantage of a TLR was that it could be easily focussed using the viewing screen and that under most circumstances the view seen in the viewing screen was identical to that recorded on film. At close distances however, parallax errors were encountered and some cameras also included an indicator to show what part of the composition would be excluded.
Sales of traditional digital cameras have declined due to the increasing use of smartphones for casual photography, which also enable easier manipulation and sharing of photos through the use of apps and web-based services. “Bridge cameras”, in contrast, have held their ground with functionality that most smartphone cameras lack, such as optical zoom and other advanced features.[40][41] DSLRs have also lost ground to Mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera (MILC)s offering the same sensor size in a smaller camera. A few expensive ones use a full-frame sensor as DSLR professional cameras.[42]
Film speed Traditionally used to “tell the camera” the film speed of the selected film on film cameras, film speed numbers are employed on modern digital cameras as an indication of the system’s gain from light to numerical output and to control the automatic exposure system. Film speed is usually measured via the ISO system. The higher the film speed number the greater the film sensitivity to light, whereas with a lower number, the film is less sensitive to light. A correct combination of film speed, aperture, and shutter speed leads to an image that is neither too dark nor too light, hence it is ‘correctly exposed’, indicated by a centered meter.
Ever wondered what’s inside a digital camera? What takes the photo? Where’s it stored? What makes the flash work? And how do all these bits connect together? When you take electronic gadgets apart, they’re much harder to understand than ordinary machines (things that work through a clear physical mechanism): you can’t always see which part does which job or how. Even so, it can be quite illuminating to peer into your favorite gadgets to see what’s hiding inside. I don’t recommend you try this at home: opening things up is the quickest way to invalidate your warranty; it’s also a good way to ensure they’ll never work again!
Hello all, I am a amature photographer. I lashed out 2 years ago and purchased a Canon 6D with a EF 24-105mm f/4L IS II USM as a kit. Also purchased a 2nd Canon 6D with a EF 70-200mm f/2.8L IS II USM.
The size of the aperture and the brightness of the scene controls the amount of light that enters the camera during a period of time, and the shutter controls the length of time that the light hits the recording surface. Equivalent exposures can be made using a large aperture size with a fast shutter speed and a small aperture with a slow shutter.
Canon announced the followup to its R600 with the unsurprisingly named R700 ($300, shipping in February). The R600 was essentially identical to the R500 that preceded it, and the R700 seems extremely similar, too. It appears to have the same design, sensor, and lens as its two predecessors, with the addition of a brighter LCD screen and a new UI. One notable improvement is that the video camera will come bundled with the higher capacity BP-727, which can give you up to an extra 55 minutes of recording time, and goes for $80 on its own. Canon also updated the R70 and R72 along similar lines from the R50/R60, and R52/R62, including built-in storage and connectivity as improvement over the base model.
Sensor: Full-frame CMOS | Megapixels: 30.4MP | Autofocus: 61-point AF, 41 cross-type | Screen type: 3.2-inch touchscreen, 1,620,000 dots | Maximum continuous shooting speed: 7fps | Movies: 4K | User level: Expert
Unlike analog formats, digital formats do not experience generation loss during dubbing; however, they are more prone to complete loss. Although digital information can theoretically be stored indefinitely without deterioration, some digital formats (like MiniDV) place tracks only about 10 micrometers apart (compared with 19–58 μm for VHS). A digital recording is more vulnerable to wrinkles or stretches in the tape which could erase data, but tracking and error-correction code on the tape compensates for most defects. On analog media, similar damage registers as “noise” in the video, leaving a deteriorated (but watchable) video. DVDs may develop DVD rot, losing large chunks of data. An analog recording may be “usable” after its storage media deteriorates severely, but[10] slight media degradation in digital recordings may trigger an “all or nothing” failure; the digital recording will be unplayable without extensive restoration.
Webcams are video cameras which stream a live video feed to a computer. Larger video cameras (especially camcorders and CCTV cameras) can be similarly used, though they may need an analog-to-digital converter in order to store the output on a computer or digital video recorder or send it to a wider network.
The other option would be to alter the frame rate of the recording, which I’m pretty sure you can do. According to the manual, “Scene(s) recorded in the recording format [MP4/iFrame], scene(s) saved in MP4 (1920k1080/25p), MP4 (1280k720/ 25p) or MP4 (640k360/25p): “MP4/iFrame scene(s)”
A video camera represents the best of many worlds when it comes to recording video. It’ll give you video quality and a zoom that a smartphone can’t match. It is easier to use and able to record longer footage than other camera types, and it has better built-in sound than a DSLR (more on this later). If you’re planning on shooting a whole day of video, a video camera is designed to be comfortable to hold for extended bouts of filming.
Digging through these reviews led us to a shortlist of 10 or so models that fit our criteria. (As an aside, video cameras are rather odd ducks when it comes to how the companies name them. Based on the name, you might assume that the Canon Vixia HF R500 and the Canon Vixia HF R52 are very different products. They aren’t; the only significant difference is that the R52 includes 32GB of built-in memory and a WiFi interface. Otherwise, the two models are identical even sharing the same manual.)
Sensor: APS-C CMOS | Megapixels: 24.2MP | Lens mount: Canon EF-S | Screen: 3-inch vari-angle touchscreen, 1,040,000 dots | Continuous shooting speed: 5fps | Max video resolution: 1080p | User level: Beginner
A camera works with the light of the visible spectrum or with other portions of the electromagnetic spectrum.[1] A still camera is an optical device which creates a single image of an object or scene and records it on an electronic sensor or photographic film. All cameras use the same basic design: light enters an enclosed box through a converging lens/convex lens and an image is recorded on a light-sensitive medium(mainly a transition metal-halide). A shutter mechanism controls the length of time that light can enter the camera.[2] Most photographic cameras have functions that allow a person to view the scene to be recorded, allow for a desired part of the scene to be in focus, and to control the exposure so that it is not too bright or too dim.[3] A display, often a liquid crystal display (LCD), permits the user to view the scene to be recorded and settings such as ISO speed, exposure, and shutter speed.[4][5]
Stand alone cameras can be used as remote camera. One kind weighs 2.31 ounces (65.5 g), with a periscope shape, IPx7 water-resistance and dust-resistance rating and can be enhanced to IPx8 by using a cap. They have no viewfinder or LCD. Lens is a 146 degree wide angle or standard lens, with fixed focus. It can have a microphone and speaker, And it can take photos and video. As a remote camera, a phone app using Android or iOS is needed to send live video, change settings, take photos, or use time lapse.[38]
One of the drawbacks of this camcorder is that unlike Sony and Canon, you can’t get big cheap batteries that last 5-6 hours–if you need that. Panasonic does make good camcorders, but but they heavily code-lock the batteries (and rake in the money). Factor that in to the purchase price. I recommend the Vixia series HF G10, G20 or G30–they have the best balance of features, video quality and cheap, super-long lasting aftermarket batteries. Plus the Pro CMOS sensor gives better skin tones. The Panasonic has tiny edge in resolution, but I prefer the image of the Canon overall. If you really want the whole enchilada, go for the Sony ax100 which currently is the best of the bunch. It costs more, but the aftermarket batteries are cheap and the quality is amazing.
Digital cameras and camcorders take entirely different types of lenses. A camcorder lens will typically offer a far more robust zoom, giving you greater magnification. While there are a number of long zoom still cameras on the market, they still can’t touch the 30x or 60x lenses available on some camcorders.
Medium-format cameras have a film size between the large-format cameras and smaller 35mm cameras. Typically these systems use 120 or 220 rollfilm. The most common image sizes are 6×4.5 cm, 6×6 cm and 6×7 cm; the older 6×9 cm is rarely used. The designs of this kind of camera show greater variation than their larger brethren, ranging from monorail systems through the classic Hasselblad model with separate backs, to smaller rangefinder cameras. There are even compact amateur cameras available in this format.
Am looking for guidance on 300-400$ camcorders from Sony, JVC and Panasonic. I am unable to find bitrates for the 3 I have in mind. Sony HDR PJ440, Panasonic HC W570K and JVC GZ-R10. It’s mostly for shooting kids, family moments etc. I like the toughness of the new JVC but can’t see if it as other (core camera) features that set it apart from it’s peers. The previous JVC models didn’t compare well with the Sony’s and Panasonics; the new JVC R10 seems quite advanced from previous JVC’s so if anyone has feedback about the latest from Sony, Canon, JVC and Panasonic; would highly appreciate your feedback.
The GoPro Hero6 Black is the best action camera you can buy. It’s pricey compared to some of the competition, but it’s got a wealth of features, including shooting 4K footage at up to 60fps, as well as super-slow-motion 1080p video at 240fps. The improved image stabilization system works at treat, as well as footage offering a wider dynamic range and better low-light performance compared to the Hero5 Black. That’s not forgetting it’s waterproof down to 10m, has a useful 2-inch touchscreen, while the updated app with QuikStories automatically transfers and edits your footage for you. If you want an action camera, you’re not going to go wrong with the Hero6 Black.
If they care enough to buy a separate HD video camera it’s likely consumers automatically assume they can load their content onto their computers and edit it. Not mentioning file formats in the review is akin to recommending a digital camera where the photos are stored in a format that couldn’t be edited in Photoshop or any other application and couldn’t be printed out.
Many industrial applications require a wide field of view. Traditionally maintaining consistent light over large 2D areas is quite difficult. With a line scan camera all that is necessary is to provide even illumination across the “line” currently being viewed by the camera. This makes possible sharp pictures of objects that pass the camera at high speed.
Thank you! That is exactly what i wanted to know, but couldn’t find. With the Panasonic, is the video high enough res that it will look ok if projected? Really i just put videos together for fun, but I do love trying new technology and having it look good! I looked at some of the higher end cameras, but didn’t know if this hobby is worth it to spend that much money on one. : )
Over the years there have been many videophones and cameras that have included communication capability. Some devices experimented with integration of the device to communicate wirelessly with Internet, which would allow instant media sharing with anyone anywhere. For example, in 1995 Apple experimented with the Apple Videophone/PDA.[13] There were several digital cameras with cellular phone transmission capability shown by companies such as Kodak, Olympus in the early 1990s.[14] There was also a digital camera with cellular phone designed by Shosaku Kawashima of Canon in Japan in May 1997.[15] In Japan, two competing projects were run by Sharp and Kyocera in 1997. Both had cell phones with integrated cameras. However, the Kyocera system was designed as a peer-to-peer video-phone as opposed to the Sharp project which was initially focused on sharing instant pictures. That was made possible when the Sharp devices was coupled to the Sha-mail infrastructure designed in collaboration with American technologist Kahn. The Kyocera team was led by Kazumi Saburi.[16] In 1995, work by James Greenwold of Bureau Of Technical Services, in Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin, was developing a pocket video camera for surveillance purposes. By 1999, the Tardis[17] recorder was in prototype and being used by the government. Bureau Of Technical Services advanced further by the patent No. 6,845,215,B1 on “Body-Carryable, digital Storage medium, Audio/Video recording Assembly”.[18]
Many people consider Canon’s Powershot G7X to be the best camera for blogging due to its myriad of features, small size, and incredible video quality. While it lacks the low light capabilities of a DSLR, it’s 1″ sensor, which is larger than most cameras of this size, captures a lot of light and produces clear, rich images. The G7X is a perfect choice for just about everyone.
And the long zoom also means that once they grow up, you can record their onstage or sporting debut from a distance away. So if you want to record all the major events of a childhood and want a device where you can see your child bright and clear, regardless if they’re across the room or the other end of a sporting field, a video camera is the way to go.
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Since most manufacturers focus their support on Windows and Mac users, users of other operating systems have difficulty finding support for their devices. However, open-source products such as Cinelerra and Kino (written for the Linux operating system) allow editing of some digital formats on alternative operating systems; software to edit DV streams is available on most platforms.
Need some help to decide between an action camera, video camera, or other — I enjoy recording video of my son’s hockey games, and then producing an after season highlight video for the parents. I have been using 2 action cameras at each end of the rink, but I would like to move to a better ‘follow-the-puck’ model, as well as get the front of the goal instead of the back all the time. However, I want to actually watch as the game is live (meaning, I don’t want to have to worry about the camera or look through the view finder all the time). Any recommendations from the experts out there? Thanks in advance
You probably don’t expect much from a digital camera that costs less than $100, right? Well, listen up, my cynical friend: The Sony W800 is here to change your mind about low-cost digital cameras. Though to be fair, this well-made unit is probably the exception that proves the rule. With a 20.1-megapixel sensor, the W800 snaps crystal-clear images, and it can also record 720p HD video. While 720p is hardly groundbreaking these days, it’s more than enough visual clarity for your kid’s sporting event, your Christmas morning, or to document your success with a Hula -Hoop. The 5x optical zoom won’t have you capturing the expression on a ballplayer’s face from the nosebleeds, but this low-cost digital camera is a fine choice for most casual photographers.
The Rebel XSI is getting long in the tooth but if you love that line and are already used to it, I’d explore some of the newer Rebels, like the T5i or T6i. They are still within your price range but have improved a lot since 2008.
If there is a camera that can give Canon’s T6i a run for its money for beginning photographers it is the Nikon D3300. This camera is a well-priced powerhouse, boasting 24 megapixels, and a burst rate of 5 FPS. A 3″ LCD (but fixed) screen and the ability to record 1080p video at 60 FPS makes this a good choice for videographers as well. The D3300 was released in 2014 and has been a very popular choice for beginners ever since. Because this camera is only sold as a kit, you won’t have to purchase lenses to go with it.
My only complaint is that the built in mic jack sounds terrible. It’s very muffled sounding. This was not a deal-breaker for me because I use a Zoom H4n to record high quality audio separately so I can get by with never using the mic input jack on this camcorder. The built in mics on this video camera sound fine however so it seems that Panasonic optimized the audio for the built in mics but neglected the audio quality on the mic input jack.
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Nearly all camera phones use CMOS image sensors, due to largely reduced power consumption compared to CCD type cameras, which are also used, but in few camera phones. Some of camera phones even use more expensive Backside Illuminated CMOS which uses energy lesser than CMOS, although more expensive than CMOS and CCD.
If you’re feeling limited by what your point-and-shoot can do, there are plenty of reasons to consider an interchangable lens camera, whether it be a traditional DSLR or a more modern mirrorless camera. These advanced shooters feature larger image sensors, superior optics, robust manual controls, faster performance, and the versatility of changeable lenses.
Linescan cameras are also extensively used in imaging from satellites (see push broom scanner). In this case the row of sensors is perpendicular to the direction of satellite motion. Linescan cameras are widely used in scanners. In this case, the camera moves horizontally.
Whether you are looking for an entry-level DSLR to get started with or a pro-level camera that you can grow into, there is no doubt that there is an option out there for you. A great way to find out which gear is right for you is by staying informed. Check out our Canon comparison series featuring the Canon 5D Mark III vs 6D, the Canon 7D vs 6D, or the 70D vs 7D. Don’t forget that if you are having a hard time deciding between cameras you can always rent a few to see which you like best.  Few things make your decision easier than having the camera in your hands to play with. When it feels right, you’ll know! Once you have your gear, make sure you check out all of our tips and tricks including our guide for the best low light cameras to help you make the most of your shots.
On the other hand, most of the digital camera shows image processed from a sensor and does not have view-finder. Which means what you see at back of the screen is actually happened before some time. This delay depends on the sensor speed and processing time of the camera.
Wenczel, Norma (2007). “Part I – Introducing an Instrument”. In Wolfgang Lefèvre. The Optical Camera Obscura II Images and Texts (PDF). Inside the Camera Obscura – Optics and Art under the Spell of the Projected Image. Max Planck Institute for the History of Science. pp. 13–30. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2012.
Since 2006, nearly all camcorders sold are digital. Tape-based (MiniDV/HDV) camcorders are no longer popular, since tapeless models (with an SD card or internal SSD) cost almost the same but offer greater convenience; video captured on an SD card can be transferred to a computer faster than digital tape. None of the consumer-class camcorders announced at the 2006 International Consumer Electronics Show recorded on tape.[1]
There is a way to turn photos from an ordinary film camera into digital photos—by scanning them. A scanner is a piece of computer equipment that looks like a small photocopier but works like a digital camera. When you put your photos in a scanner, a light scans across them, turning them into strings of pixels and thus into digital images you can see on your computer.
There are also premium bridge models with larger 1-inch sensors and shorter zooms. They still have a considerable size advantage over SLRs with comparable zooms—just think about carryin an interchangebale lens camera and two or three lenses to cover a 24-200mm, 24-400mm, or 24-600mm coverage range. They tend to be more expensive than an SLR, and certainly more than bridge models with smaller sensors, but do better at higher ISO settings and sport lenses that gather more light. If you put a premium on a lightweight camera, and want the versatility that a long zoom design delivers, look at a bridge model with a 1-inch sensor. Just be prepared to pay a premium.
Final quality of an image depends on all optical transformations in the chain of producing the image. Carl Zeiss points out that the weakest link in an optical chain determines the final image quality. In case of a digital camera, a simplistic way of expressing it is that the lens determines the maximum sharpness of the image while the image sensor determines the maximum resolution. The illustration on the right can be said to compare a lens with very poor sharpness on a camera with high resolution, to a lens with good sharpness on a camera with lower resolution.