Thanks for the great review. I have a question about the Panasonic 750K. I have read a few reviews that mention the microphone on this camcorder being overly sensitive. They claim that it will make a lot of noise if you move your hand near it at all and that it will even pick up noise from the image stabilization in the camera. Did you find this to be the case? This fact and the price tag has me leaning towards the Canon, but I’m not sure how big of an issue it really is. I’m not too keen on using an external mic so I am hoping to get by with the built in mic on the camera I do buy.
I teach college accounting online and like to make videos for my students. I have an older model video camera but the resolution is not very good and students have asked me to get a better one that shows the whiteboard more clearly. I like this review and would like your opinion before I make a purchase. On teacher’s pay I can’t afford a high-end professional camcorder. Do you think this one would be a good choice for my needs? Or a lower priced unit that would give comparable results. Thanks for any guidance you can provide.
Sensor: Full-frame CMOS | Megapixels: 45.4MP | Autofocus: 153-point AF, 99 cross-type | Screen type: 3.2-inch tilt-angle touchscreen, 2,359,000 dots | Maximum continuous shooting speed: 7fps | Movies: 4K | User level: Expert
Ever wondered what’s inside a digital camera? What takes the photo? Where’s it stored? What makes the flash work? And how do all these bits connect together? When you take electronic gadgets apart, they’re much harder to understand than ordinary machines (things that work through a clear physical mechanism): you can’t always see which part does which job or how. Even so, it can be quite illuminating to peer into your favorite gadgets to see what’s hiding inside. I don’t recommend you try this at home: opening things up is the quickest way to invalidate your warranty; it’s also a good way to ensure they’ll never work again!
You’ll get the back-and-forth effect with entry-level mirrorless models that rely entirely on contrast for focus. But it’s not as noticeable as you get with SLRs, and by the time you’ve moved up to a midrange price point—which is actually in line with the price of entry-level SLR models—you start to see on-sensor phase detection.
Type: Mirrorless | Sensor size: Micro Four Thirds | Resolution: 16.1MP | Lens: Micro Four Thirds | Screen type: 3.0-inch tilting touchscreen, 1,370,000 dots | Viewfinder: EVF | Maximum continuous shooting rate: 8.6fps | Movies: 4K | User level: Beginner/enthusiast
Our final camera is a ‘bridge’ camera, a type of camera that we don’t normally like very much because the ultra-zoom design forces the makers to use titchy 1/2.3-inch sensors the same size as those in point-and-shoot cameras. You get the look and feel of a DSLR, but you certainly don’t get the image quality. But the Panasonic Lumix FZ2000 (known as the FZ2500 in the US) is different. It sacrifices a huge zoom range in favour of a much larger 1.0-inch sensor – a compromise most serious photographers will applaud. While the zoom tops out at 480mm equivalent, which is relatively short for a bridge camera, that’s still plenty for all but the most extreme everyday use. We’d certainly sacrifice a little for of zoom range for better and faster optics. We love the FZ2000 because it delivers both image quality and zoom range, while also offering full manual and semi-manual controls, the ability to shoot raw files and 4K video.
I’ve lost the camera function on my keyboard so when I used to send texts I could insert a photo or take one. It doesn’t seem to be in my keyboard options settings since the last iOS update. Does anyone know how I can restore this? Thanks in advance
Memory: Some camcorders record to SD cards while others have an internal flash memory. With SD cards, you can carry extra so that you never run out of memory. On the other hand, internal memory means you do not have to worry about keeping track of SD cards.
Type: Mirrorless | Sensor size: Full-frame CMOS | Resolution: 42.2MP | Lens: Sony E mount | Viewfinder: EVF | Screen type: 3.0-inch tilting touchscreen, 1440,000 dots | Maximum continuous shooting speed: 10fps | Movies: 4K | User level: Expert
The collodion wet plate process that gradually replaced the daguerreotype during the 1850s required photographers to coat and sensitize thin glass or iron plates shortly before use and expose them in the camera while still wet. Early wet plate cameras were very simple and little different from Daguerreotype cameras, but more sophisticated designs eventually appeared. The Dubroni of 1864 allowed the sensitizing and developing of the plates to be carried out inside the camera itself rather than in a separate darkroom. Other cameras were fitted with multiple lenses for photographing several small portraits on a single larger plate, useful when making cartes de visite. It was during the wet plate era that the use of bellows for focusing became widespread, making the bulkier and less easily adjusted nested box design obsolete.
Digging through these reviews led us to a shortlist of 10 or so models that fit our criteria. (As an aside, video cameras are rather odd ducks when it comes to how the companies name them. Based on the name, you might assume that the Canon Vixia HF R500 and the Canon Vixia HF R52 are very different products. They aren’t; the only significant difference is that the R52 includes 32GB of built-in memory and a WiFi interface. Otherwise, the two models are identical even sharing the same manual.)
Making videos for YouTube has become a bonafide career path in the form of full-time vlogging. Short for “video blogs”, vlogs have become extremely popular. But the biggest question people have when they are just getting started is “what should I use to shoot my YouTube video?” Below are some of the best cameras for YouTube based on a combination of price, quality, and popularity.
Stick the EOS Rebel T5i (EOS 700D outside the US) next to the T6i or the T7i and you’ll struggle to tell them apart. The EOS Rebel T5i is really intuitive to use, regardless of your ability, but the T5i’s sensor can trace its roots back to the T2i that was released in 2010 and it’s now outclassed in terms of noise suppression and dynamic range. The 9-point autofocus system is also dated and you don’t get Wi-Fi connectivity. The T5i’s slashed price does make it a tempting proposition though, but the T6i or T7i is a more future-proof choice.
Most modern smartphones only have a menu choice to start a camera application program and an on-screen button to activate the shutter. Some also have a separate camera button, for quickness and convenience. A few camera phones are designed to resemble separate low-end digital compact cameras in appearance and to some degree in features and picture quality, and are branded as both mobile phones and cameras.
You don’t have to get a digital camera to get a camera. Film is still an option, with instant models being extremely popular. Instant formats take away the hassle of getting film developed, and make it easy to share physical images with friends and family immediately after they’ve been captured. You can get an entry-level model for around $65, and film packs generally cost around $7.50. For a complete rundown on what instant cameras and film formats are sold today, check out our list of the Best Instant Cameras.
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All I can really suggest is doing some home testing yourself. Shoot the same scene three ways: iPhone 6, video camera at 1080, video camera at 720, and see if you notice a difference in the video output. Then think about how you’re going to be watching it. How close are you holding your iPad? Your laptop? How far are you from your TV?
Thanks again, the 30 min. is the problem with a compact camera and I can’t take pics while filming. The only compact camera that does that is the Olympus MR25. Or, do you know about any compact camera that can film and shoot pics in high resolution with flash? (sorry for my bad English)
Pro photographers are almost always shooting Canon or Nikon SLR systems, but there are some very capable alternatives out there. There are reasons that you see most working photographers using one of the two most popular systems—they include a solid bevy of pro-grade bodies and lenses, a strong support system backing that equipment, and the comfort that years of use brings. That’s not to say you can’t go another way. Sony makes a pro-level SLR and a few mirrorless cameras that fit the bill.
The most common class of battery used in digital cameras is proprietary battery formats. These are built to a manufacturer’s custom specifications. Almost all proprietary batteries are lithium-ion. In addition to being available from the OEM, aftermarket replacement batteries are commonly available for most camera models.
Some smartphones can provide an augmented reality overlay for 2D objects and to recognize multiple objects on the phone using a stripped down object recognition algorithm as well as using GPS and compass. A few can translate text from a foreign language.  Auto-geotagging can show where a picture is taken, promoting interactions and allowing a photo to be mapped with others for comparison.
Shotgun mics mount to the hot shoe of the camera and can pick up unidirectional audio. If you are taking videos in a noisy location and want the sound of the person you are filming to stand out above all else, consider a shotgun mic. Shotgun mics work best for vloggers who take their equipment with them out into the world and need to be able to block out a lot of background noise.
For the formatting, my general understanding is that MP4 files tend to have a larger file size, but are usually much easier to edit/upload/share. AVCHD might be better quality, and should have smaller files, but will be much harder to edit or adjust.
The Canon 80D would be sufficient, certainly. It sounds like you are trying to fit a lot into the frame, so a wide angle lens is needed. What I would think about next is lighting. Unless you have really good natural light in your office, I’d consider this: https://www.borrowlenses.com/product/FotodioX-C-318RLS-Flapjack-BiColor-LED-Ring-Light-Kit
I found a couple decent ones from http://www.rswebsols.com/reviews/video-camera/top-10-best-selling-camcorders-video-cameras that I’ve found for under $200 by googling video camcorder review at https://www.amazon.com/Camcorder-Besteker-Portable-Megapixels-Teleconverter/dp/B01CV3842O/
Multi-shot exposes the sensor to the image in a sequence of three or more openings of the lens aperture. There are several methods of application of the multi-shot technique. The most common originally was to use a single image sensor with three filters passed in front of the sensor in sequence to obtain the additive color information. Another multiple shot method is called Microscanning. This method uses a single sensor chip with a Bayer filter and physically moved the sensor on the focus plane of the lens to construct a higher resolution image than the native resolution of the chip. A third version combined the two methods without a Bayer filter on the chip.
1) Opt.Zoom 20x. This is optical zoom, where the others are digital zooms. They “increase” the zoom by essentially blowing up the the image, so it looks bigger. It leads to a dramatic drop in video quality, so keep it on optical (Opt.) mode.
In January 2008, Silicon Image announced a new technology for sending video from mobile devices to a television in digital form. MHL sends pictures as a video stream, up to 1080p resolution, and is compatible with HDMI.
As with the Panasonic, the difference between this year’s R600 and last year’s R500 are so minor that even Canon wasn’t entirely sure what they are. After enquiring with the company multiple times, we were told the R600 has a new battery pack—even though the official specifications list them as having exactly the same battery. Other than that, they’ll handle exactly the same. So again, get whichever is more affordable on the day.
“Ahah!” I hear you cry. “If my cell phone isn’t good enough, why not use a DSLR or mirrorless camera to shoot video?” DSLR and mirrorless cameras are excellent devices for taking photos and video. If you want to do both, then they are a great hybrid option. However, they can involve serious compromises when it comes to audio and video. In particular, dedicated video cameras offer major advantages for sound, focusing, zoom, and clip length.
The frames are later played back in a ciné projector at a specific speed, called the “frame rate” (number of frames per second). While viewing, a person’s eyes and brain merge the separate pictures to create the illusion of motion. The first ciné camera was built around 1888 and by 1890 several types were being manufactured. The standard film size for ciné cameras was quickly established as 35mm film and this remained in use until transition to digital cinematography. Other professional standard formats include 70 mm film and 16mm film whilst amateurs film makers used 9.5 mm film, 8mm film or Standard 8 and Super 8 before the move into digital format.
Final quality of an image depends on all optical transformations in the chain of producing the image. Carl Zeiss points out that the weakest link in an optical chain determines the final image quality. In case of a digital camera, a simplistic way of expressing it is that the lens determines the maximum sharpness of the image while the image sensor determines the maximum resolution. The illustration on the right can be said to compare a lens with very poor sharpness on a camera with high resolution, to a lens with good sharpness on a camera with lower resolution.
DVD recordable (1996): A variety of recordable optical disc standards were released by multiple manufacturers during the 1990s and 2000s, of which DVD-RAM was the first. The most common in camcorders was MiniDVD-R, which used recordable 8 cm discs holding 30 minutes of MPEG video.
Within a decade of being introduced in America, 3 general forms of camera were in popular use: the American- or chamfered-box camera, the Robert’s-type camera or “Boston box”, and the Lewis-type camera. The American-box camera had beveled edges at the front and rear, and an opening in the rear where the formed image could be viewed on ground glass. The top of the camera had hinged doors for placing photographic plates. Inside there was one available slot for distant objects, and another slot in the back for close-ups. The lens was focused either by sliding or with a rack and pinion mechanism. The Robert’s-type cameras were similar to the American-box, except for having a knob-fronted worm gear on the front of the camera, which moved the back box for focusing. Many Robert’s-type cameras allowed focusing directly on the lens mount. The third popular daguerreotype camera in America was the Lewis-type, introduced in 1851, which utilized a bellows for focusing. The main body of the Lewis-type camera was mounted on the front box, but the rear section was slotted into the bed for easy sliding. Once focused, a set screw was tightened to hold the rear section in place. Having the bellows in the middle of the body facilitated making a second, in-camera copy of the original image.
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Also, we didn’t discuss sound, which is a big one, too – but start with the above. I don’t want to overwhelm you. If you want to jump into sound advice, check out: https://www.borrowlenses.com/blog/setting-up-microphones-for-professional-interviews-and-events/
If the f-number is decreased by a factor of √2, the aperture diameter is increased by the same factor, and its area is increased by a factor of 2. The f-stops that might be found on a typical lens include 2.8, 4, 5.6, 8, 11, 16, 22, 32, where going up “one stop” (using lower f-stop numbers) doubles the amount of light reaching the film, and stopping down one stop halves the amount of light.
The imager converts light into an electrical signal. The camera lens projects an image onto the imager surface, exposing the photosensitive array to light. This light exposure is converted into an electrical charge. At the end of the timed exposure, the imager converts the accumulated charge into a continuous analog voltage at the imager’s output terminals. After the conversion is complete, the photosites reset to start the exposure of the next video frame.
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The cameras of smartphones are used as input devices in numerous research projects and commercial applications. A commercially successful example is the use of QR Codes attached to physical objects. QR Codes can be sensed by the phone using its camera and provide an according link to related digital content, usually a URL. Another approach is using camera images to recognize objects. Content-based image analysis is used to recognize physical objects such as advertisement posters to provide information about the object. Hybrid approaches use a combination of unobstrusive visual markers and image analysis. An example is to estimate the pose of the camera phone to create a real-time overlay for a 3D paper globe.
The first such modular camera was the Minolta Dimâge V in 1996, followed by the Minolta Dimâge EX 1500 in 1998 and the Minolta MetaFlash 3D 1500 in 1999. In 2009, Ricoh released the Ricoh GXR modular camera.
Image capture is only part of the image forming process. Regardless of material, some process must be employed to render the latent image captured by the camera into a viewable image. With slide film, the developed film is just mounted for projection. Print film requires the developed film negative to be printed onto photographic paper or transparency. Prior to the advent of laser jet and inkjet printers, celluloid photographic negative images had to be mounted in an enlarger which projected the image onto a sheet of light-sensitive paper for a certain length of time (usually measured in seconds or fractions of a second). This sheet then was soaked in a chemical bath of developer (to bring out the image) followed immediately by a stop bath (to neutralize the progression of development and prevent the image from changing further once exposed to normal light). After this, the paper was hung until dry enough to safely handle. This post-production process allowed the photographer to further manipulate the final image beyond what had already been captured on the negative, adjusting the length of time the image was projected by the enlarger and the duration of both chemical baths to change the image’s intensity, darkness, clarity, etc. This process is still employed by both amateur and professional photographers, but the advent of digital imagery means that the vast majority of modern photographic work is captured digitally and rendered via printing processes that are no longer dependent on chemical reactions to light. Such digital images may be uploaded to an image server (e.g., a photo-sharing website), viewed on a television, or transferred to a computer or digital photo frame. Every type can then be produced as a hard copy on regular paper or photographic paper via a printer.