Type: High-end compact | Sensor: APS-C CMOS | Resolution: 24.3MP | Lens: 23mm f/2 | Screen type: 3-inch, 1,040,000 dots | Viewfinder: Hybrid | Maximum continuous shooting speed: 8fps | Movies: 1080p | User level: Expert
Another reason to go for the big sensor is to minimize image noise. A 24MP DSLR has much larger pixels than a point-and-shoot of the same resolution. These larger pixels allow the sensor to be set at a higher sensitivity, measured numerically as ISO, without creating as much image noise. An advantage to the larger surface area is that changes in color or brightness are more gradual than that of a point-and-shoot. This allows more natural-looking images with a greater sense of depth.
If money is no object, something like the Sony a7S would do nicely thanks to its low light capabilities, which can be handy in darker restaurants. Otherwise, if you’re looking for something very small and still fairly good in low light, the Sony RX100 V is a great option. I’d rent a few different body/lens combinations first to test out before committing.
Daguerreotype cameras formed images on silvered copper plates. The earliest daguerreotype cameras required several minutes to half an hour to expose images on the plates. By 1840, exposure times were reduced to just a few seconds owing to improvements in the chemical preparation and development processes, and to advances in lens design. American daguerreotypists introduced manufactured plates in mass production, and plate sizes became internationally standardized: whole plate (6.5 x 8.5 inches), three-quarter plate (5.5 x 7 1/8 inches), half plate (4.5 x 5.5 inches), quarter plate (3.25 x 4.25 inches), sixth plate (2.75 x 3.25 inches), and ninth plate (2 x 2.5 inches). Plates were often cut to fit cases and jewelry with circular and oval shapes. Larger plates were produced, with sizes such as 9 x 13 inches (“double-whole” plate), or 13.5 x 16.5 inches (Southworth & Hawes’ plate).
2) This depends a bit on what your personal setup is. MP4 files tend to have a larger file size, but are usually much easier to edit/upload/share. AVCHD might be better quality, and should have smaller files, but will be much harder to edit or adjust.
For the Canon at least, we’ve already started to see its name pop up on Black Friday deals, so if you’re up for delaying by a couple of weeks, you can get a bit of savings on that. Haven’t seen the Panasonic show yet, though.
Beyond full-frame you move into the territory of medium format photography. In the film days, medium format referred to anything larger than 35mm and smaller than 4-by-5-inch. That’s a pretty big gamut. With digital you get the 33 by 44mm sensor size used by most of the mirrorless cameras that sell for less than $10,000—including Pentax’s SLR bodies, and mirroless options from Fujifilm and Hasselblad.
If you want a camera that’s easy to use, tough enough to be tossed in your purse, backpack, or glove box, and that takes good pictures, too, then the Nikon CoolPix A900 Digital Camera is your go-to choice. I’ve owned three variations of this camera and each was my go-to for the casual photography that comes with nights out at bars or concerts, day hikes, trips to the zoo or beach, and so on. If I hadn’t dropped my first CoolPix camera in a stream in L.A.’s Griffith Park and dropped the second on Constitution Avenue in downtown D.C., I would likely still be using the first one I ever bought. It’s a testament to the quality of these cameras that I keep coming back to them, and a testament to my own bad luck when it comes to my accidental destruction of cameras. The compact, rectangular Nikon CoolPix A900 slips into a small bag or even into your pocket, yet the lens extends far enough out for an impressive 35x optical zoom. Paired with a 20-megapixel sensor, that zoom capability allows for great shots snapped from near or far.
In 2010, after the success of James Cameron’s 2009 3D film Avatar, full 1080p HD 3D camcorders entered the market. With the proliferation of file-based digital formats, the relationship between recording media and recording format has declined; video can be recorded onto different media. With tapeless formats, recording media are storage for digital files.
I’ve lost the camera function on my keyboard so when I used to send texts I could insert a photo or take one. It doesn’t seem to be in my keyboard options settings since the last iOS update. Does anyone know how I can restore this? Thanks in advance
Many camcorders offer the ability to connect an external microphone to the camcorder to record audio, resulting in a much higher-quality audio experience. Camcorders can also often record in stereo sound. Digital cameras, however, typically do not offer the option to connect an external microphone, and will record only one audio track rather than stereo sound.
Type: DSLR | Sensor size: Full-frame CMOS | Resolution: 45.4MP | Lens: Nikon F mount | Viewfinder: Optical | Screen type: 3.2-inch tilting touchscreen, 2,359,000 dots | Maximum continuous shooting speed: 7fps | Movies: 4K | User level: Intermediate/expert
As camera a lens technology developed and wide aperture lenses became more common, rangefinder cameras were introduced to make focusing more precise. Early rangefinders had two separate viewfinder windows, one of which is linked to the focusing mechanisms and moved right or left as the focusing ring is turned. The two separate images are brought together on a ground glass viewing screen. When vertical lines in the object being photographed meet exactly in the combined image, the object is in focus. A normal composition viewfinder is also provided. Later the viewfinder and rangefinder were combined. Many rangefinder cameras had interchangeable lenses, each lens requiring its own range- and viewfinder linkages.
As with the Panasonic, the difference between this year’s R600 and last year’s R500 are so minor that even Canon wasn’t entirely sure what they are. After enquiring with the company multiple times, we were told the R600 has a new battery pack—even though the official specifications list them as having exactly the same battery. Other than that, they’ll handle exactly the same. So again, get whichever is more affordable on the day.
Those who like to tweak and twiddle settings: if you put the camera into manual mode, you can control features like focus, white balance, shutter speed, iris (aperture), and brightness using either the touch screen or the manual control dial on the front of the camera body. You definitely don’t need to use these, and you can leave your video camera on automatic if you want to keep it easy, but for those who want to learn more about manual controls, the option is there.
One other option, though it’s a really tricky one, is to hack a camera. CHDK is a homebrew firmware that you can load on many Canon compact cameras that will give you access to a great many more features, and may allow you to work around the 30 minute limit
Nikon has taken its flagship D5 DSLR and most of its high-end features and distilled all of this into a smaller, but still very durable metal body. The full-frame sensor is replaced by an 20.9MP APS-C sized chip that allows the D500 to shoot at a rapid 10fps and deliver a great high ISO performance. A brilliant all-rounder with a brilliant 153-point AF system means it excels at fast action like sports and wildlife photography, but still has the chops to shoot landscapes and portraits. If the cost is a bit steep, then take a look at the D7500. It sits below the D500 and inherits many of its tech, including the 20.9MP sensor.
Since the consumer market favors ease of use, portability and price, most consumer-grade camcorders emphasize handling and automation over audio and video performance. Most devices with camcorder capability are camera phones or compact digital cameras, in which video is a secondary capability. Some pocket cameras, mobile phones and camcorders are shock-, dust- and waterproof.
If you’re looking for an all-in-one, I would test out the RX10 IV (https://www.borrowlenses.com/product/Sony-Cyber-shot-RX10-IV) and the Panasonic FZ2500 (https://www.borrowlenses.com/product/Panasonic-Lumix-DMC-FZ2500-Digital-Camera). Otherwise, with an upgrade to a DSLR or mirrorless body, you’ll have to strongly consider dropping considerable money on a lens – one with the kind of range you’d need being far away from your subject.
At first, video cameras were large and expensive. Only professionals operated them. As the electronics industry advanced, and solid state circuits with transistors and microprocessors replaced vacuum tubes, video cameras became smaller and inexpensive. Now many mobile phones and other consumer electronic devices include video cameras. In addition, software is now widely available to edit or to compress the output from video cameras.
Most modern digital camera backs use CCD or CMOS matrix sensors. The matrix sensor captures the entire image frame at once, instead of incrementing scanning the frame area through the prolonged exposure. For example, Phase One produces a 39 million pixel digital camera back with a 49.1 x 36.8 mm CCD in 2008. This CCD array is a little smaller than a frame of 120 film and much larger than a 35 mm frame (36 x 24 mm). In comparison, consumer digital cameras use arrays ranging from 36 x 24 mm (full frame on high end consumer DSLRs) to 1.28 x 0.96 mm (on camera phones) CMOS sensor.
For our hands on testing in 2014, we were left with three contenders: the $310 Canon Vixia HF R500, the $600 Panasonic HC-V750K and the $290 Sony Handycam HDR-CX330. We borrowed or bought these models to put through a series of tests. Since then, both Canon and Panasonic have replaced these units with newer ones, but that are all but identical from what we can tell, except for maybe some minor new shooting settings and a new model number. The Canon Vixia HF R500 was replaced with the Canon VIXIA HF R600, the Panasonic HC-V770K followed the V750K. Both of these models have the same sensor and internals as their predecessors, so we’re comfortable basing their performance on older models.
The high end of the consumer market emphasizes user control and advanced shooting modes. More-expensive consumer camcorders offer manual exposure control, HDMI output and external audio input, progressive-scan frame rates (24fps, 25fps, 30fps) and higher-quality lenses than basic models. To maximize low-light capability, color reproduction and frame resolution, multi-CCD/CMOS camcorders mimic the 3-element imager design of professional equipment. Field tests have shown that most consumer camcorders (regardless of price) produce noisy video in low light.
Sensor: APS-C CMOS | Megapixels: 24.2MP | Lens mount: Canon EF-S | Screen: 3-inch articulating touchscreen, 1,040,000 dots | Continuous shooting speed: 5fps | Max video resolution: 1080p | User level: Beginner
The recorder writes the video signal onto a recording medium, such as magnetic videotape. Since the record function involves many signal-processing steps, some distortion and noise historically appeared on the stored video; playback of the stored signal did not have the exact characteristics and detail as a live video feed. All camcorders have a recorder-controlling section, allowing the user to switch the recorder into playback mode for reviewing recorded footage, and an image-control section controlling exposure, focus and color balance.
Overall, there is little to choose between these video cameras when it comes to handling. The Panasonic offers the widest selection of controls and the best touchscreen interface. While more sophisticated shooters may favor the extensive manual controls of the Panasonic (and the external audio input, which allows you to connect a better microphone), the price is a bigger, heavier camcorder. But it’s no heavyweight, and it is definitely light enough for a day’s shooting. Canon and Sony both instead opt for smaller bodies, as well as simple and straightforward controls—which some may prefer.